108 ฟอร์แมตไฟล์ประเภทรูปภาพ

เรียนรู้ไฟล์ประเภทรูปภาพ

โลกนี้ไม่มีมีแค่ไฟล์รูปภาพประเภท JPEG น่ะครับ จริงๆ แล้วมีมากมายก่ายกอง เช่นเดียวกัน ตัวอย่างเช่น ไฟล์ BMP, GIF, PNG, TIFF และ PSD เป็นต้น แต่ละไฟล์ก็มีคุณสมบัติต่างกัน แต่การใช้งานไม่ต่างกันมากนัก เพราะส่วนใหญ่ เป็นไฟล์รูปภาพ บทความนี้ จะมาแนะนำไฟล์รูปภาพอื่นๆ  ที่ควรรู้จัก อย่างน้อยเวลาไปพบเจอที่ไหน จะได้เข้าใจ และสามารถนำไปใช้งานได้อย่างถูกวิธี

แต่ก่อนที่จะมาแนะนำไฟล์รูปภาพประเภทต่างๆ  เรามาทำความรู้จัก ประเภท ของไฟล์รูปภาพว่า มีการแบ่งออกได้อีกกี่ประเภทอะไรบ้าง

  • 3D Image ไฟล์รูปภาพประเภท 3 มิติ
  • Camera RAW ไฟล์รูปภาพแบบไม่มีการบีบอัด มักมาจากการถ่ายภาพด้วยกล้องดิจิตอล
  • Raster Image ไฟล์รูปภาพที่นิยมใช้งาน
  • Vector Image ไฟล์รูปภาพที่สามารถย่อขยายได้ ภาพไม่แตกหรือเบลอ

บทความนี้จะมาแนะนำไฟล์รูปภาพที่มีการใช้งานมากที่สุด นิยมใช้งานมากที่สุดเช่นกัน

นามสกุลของไฟล์รูปภาพ ประกอบด้วย

.2bp Pocket PC Bitmap Image File
.73i TI-73 Screenshot File
.8pbs Adobe Photoshop Macintosh File
.8xi TI-83/84 Plus Picture File
.9.png NinePatchDrawable Image
.abm Photo Album
.accountpicture-ms Windows 8 Account Picture File
.acorn Acorn Image
.acr American College of Radiology File
.adc Scanstudio 16 Color Image
.afx Auto FX Photo/Graphic Edges Image
.agif Active GIF Creator Project
.agp ArtGem Project File
.aic Advanced Image Coding File
.ais ACDSee Image Sequence File
.albm HP Photo Printing Software Album File
.apd ACDSee Photo Document
.apm Aldus Placeable Metafile Image
.apng Animated Portable Network Graphic
.aps Greeting Card Studio Project File
.apx Ability Photopaint Studio Image
.arr Amber Graphic File
.art AOL Compressed Image File
.artwork, .arw ArtStudio Image
.asw ACDSee Slideshow Wizard File
.avatar Google Talk Avatar File
.avb Microsoft Comic Chat Character
.awd Microsoft Fax Document
.awd Artweaver Document
.blkrt Block Artist Image File
.blz Compressed Bitmap Image
.bm2 Subspace Bitmap File
.bmc Bitmap Cache File
.bmf Binary Material File
.bmp Bitmap Image File
.bmx Siemens Mobile Animations File
.bmz Compressed Bitmap Image
.bpg BPG Image
.brk Brooktrout Fax Document
.brn Cube Graphics File
.brt Bryce Textures File
.bss Resident Evil Background Images File
.bti Nintendo Texture File
.c4 JEDMICS Image File
.cal CALS Raster Graphic
.cals CALS Raster Graphic File
.cam CASIO Digital Camera Picture File
.can Canon Navigator Fax Document
.cd5 Chasys Draw Image File
.cdc AutoCAD DesignCenter Preview Cache File
.cdg Compact Disc Plus Graphics Image
.ce ComputerEyes Image
.cimg CImg Image File
.cin Kodak Cineon Bitmap File
.cit Intergraph Bitmap Image File
.colz Adobe Collage File
.cpbitmap iOS Wallpaper Image
.cpc CPC Compressed Image File
.cpd Compressed PhotoDefiner Image File
.cpg Manga Studio Page File
.cps Corel Photo House File
.cpt Corel Photo-Paint Document
.cpx Corel CMX Compressed File
.csf Content Sealed Format
.ct Scitex Continuous Tone File
.cut Dr. Halo Bitmap Image File
.dc2 Kodak Photo-Enhancer File
.dcm DICOM Image
.dcx Zsoft Multi-Page Paintbrush File
.ddb Device Dependent Bitmap
.dds DirectDraw Surface
.ddt Age of Mythology Textures File
.dgt DST Thumbnail File
.dib Device Independent Bitmap File
.dicom DICOM Image File
.djv, .djvu DjVu Image
.dm3 DigitalMicrograph Image
.dmi BYOND Dream Maker Icon File
.dpx Digital Picture Exchange File
.drz Draz Paint File
.dt2 Windows Live Messenger Emoticon Image File
.dtw Desktop Wallpaper
.dvl Virtual Library File
.ecw Enhanced Compression Wavelet Image
.epp Canon Easy-PhotoPrint Image File
.exr OpenEXR Image
.fac FACE Image File
.face FACE Graphic File
.fal Bitmap Graphic Header Information
.fax Fax Document
.fbm Fuzzy Bitmap Image
.fil Symbian Application Logo File
.fits Flexible Image Transport System File
.fpg Fenix Graphics Collection File
.fpos Photo Pos Pro Image
.fpx FlashPix Bitmap Image File
.frm Painter Frame Stack File
.g3 CCITT Group 3 Fax Image
.gbr GIMP Brush File
.gcdp Greeting Card Studio Design Project
.gfb GIFBlast Compressed Image File
.gfie Greenfish Icon Editor Pro Graphic
.ggr GIMP Gradient File
.gif Graphical Interchange Format File
.gih GIMP Image Hose File
.gim PlayStation Portable Image File
.gmbck Game Maker Background Image File
.gmspr Game Maker Sprite File
.gp4 CCITT Group 4 Fax File
.gpd Graphic PhotoDefiner Image File
.gro Graphic Object Bitmap
.grob Graphic Object Bitmap File
.gry Grayscale Image
.hdp HD Photo File
.hdr High Dynamic Range Image File
.hdrp HDRtist Pro Document
.hf HF Image
.hpi Hemera Photo Objects Image File
.hr TRS-80 Image
.hrf Hitachi Raster Format File
.i3d Houdini Image 3D File
.ic1 Low Resolution Imagic Graphics File
.ic2 Medium Resolution Imagic Graphics File
.ic3 High Resolution Imagic Graphics File
.ica Image Object Content Architecture File
.icb Targa ICB Bitmap Image
.icn Windows Icon File
.icon Icon Image File
.icpr IconUtils Project File
.ilbm Interleaved Bitmap Image
.img GEM Image
.imj JFIF Bitmap Image
.info ZoomBrowser Image Index File
.ink Pantone Reference File
.int SGI Integer Image
.iphotoproject iPhoto Print Project
.ipick iPick Football Image
.ipx IPIX Image
.itc2 iTunes Cover Flow Data File 2
.ithmb iPod and iPhone Photo Thumbnails File
.ivr Image Worlds File
.ivue Live Picture IVUE Image
.iwi Infinity Ward Texture File
.j JPEG Image
.j2c JPEG 2000 Code Stream
.j2k JPEG 2000 Image
.jas Paint Shop Pro Compressed Graphic
.jb2, .jbig2 JBIG2 Image
.jbf Paint Shop Pro Browser Cache File
.jbg Joint Bi-level Image Group File
.jbig Joint Bi-level Image Group File
.jbmp JAmes OS Bitmap Image
.jbr Paint Shop Pro Brushes File
.jfi JPEG File Interchange Image
.jfif JPEG File Interchange Format
.jia Digital Photo Navigator Album
.jif JPEG Image File
.jiff JPEG Image File Format
.jng JPEG Network Graphic
.jpd Joint PhotoDefiner Image
.jpe, .jpeg, .jpf, .jpg, .jpg2. jpx, .jp2, .jpc JPEG Image
.jps Stereo JPEG Image
.jtf JPEG Tagged Interchange Format
.jwl Roxio Jewel Case File
.jxr JPEG XR Image
.kdi KD Player Skin Image File
.kdk Kodak Proprietary Decimated TIFF File
.kfx Kofax Image File
.kic Kodak Compressed Image File
.kodak Kodak Photo CD File
.kpg Kai’s Power Goo Graphic
.lb Lens Blur Project File
.lbm Deluxe Paint Bitmap Image
.lif Leica Image File
.ljp Lossless JPEG Image
.lrpreview Adobe Photoshop Lightroom Preview File
.lzp LazPaint Image
.mac MacPaint Image
.mat Vue Material File
.max PaperPort Scanned Document
.mbm Kerbal Space Program Texture File
.mbm Multi Bitmap File
.mcs Mathcad Image
.met Presentation Manager Metafile
.mic Image Composer File
.miff Magick Image File
.mip Multiple Image Print File
.mix Microsoft Image Exchange File
.mng Multiple Network Graphic
.mnr AutoCAD Menu Resource File
.mpf Microsoft Media Package FIle
.mpo Multi Picture Object File
.mrb Multiple Resolution Bitmap File
.mrxs MIRAX Virtual Slide File
.msk Paint Shop Pro Mask File
.msp Microsoft Paint Bitmap Image
.mxi Maxwell Image
.myl MyLogo Maker Image
.ncd Nero CoverDesigner File
.ncr NCR Image
.nct Nero CoverDesigner Template
.neo NeoChrome Bitmap Image
.nlm Nokia Logo File
.oc3, .oc4, .oc5 openCanvas 3,4,5 Event File
.oci openCanvas Image
.odi OpenDocument Image
.omf OMF Interchange Image File
.oplc Nokia Operator Logo File
.ora OpenRaster Image File
.ota OTA Bitmap Image
.otb Nokia Over The Air Bitmap Image
.oti OpenDocument Image Template
.ozb, .ozj, .ozt MU Online Image File
.pac STAD Graphic File
.pal Dr. Halo Color Palette File
.pano Camera Panoramic Picture
.pap PanoramaStudio Project File
.pat Pattern File
.pbm Portable Bitmap Image
.pc1 Degas Elite Low Res Image File
.pc2 Degas Elite Medium Res Image File
.pc3 Degas Elite High Res Image File
.pcd Kodak Photo CD Image File
.pcx Paintbrush Bitmap Image File
.pdd Adobe PhotoDeluxe Image
.pdn paint.net Image File
.pe4 PhotoImpact Image Archive
.pe4 Photo Explorer Thumbnail Archive
.pfi PhotoFiltre Studio Image
.pfr Paint Shop Pro Picture Frame File
.pgf Progressive Graphics File
.pgm Portable Gray Map Image
.pi1 Degas Low Resolution Image File
.pi2 Portrait Innovations Photo
.pi2 Degas Medium Resolution Image File
.pi3 Degas High Resolution Image File
.pi4, .pi5, .pi6 DEGAS Image
.pic Generic Picture File, Houdini Raster Image, QuickTime PICT Image
.picnc Houdini 3D Compositing Image
.pict Picture File
.pictclipping Picture Clipping File
.pix BRL-CAD Raw Image File or Alias PIX Image
.pixadex Pixadex Icon
.pjpeg, .pjpg Progressive JPEG Image
.pm Unix XV Graphic File
.pm3 PageMaker 3 Document
.pmg Adobe Photoshop Photomerge Panoramic Composition File
.png Portable Network Graphic
.pni Popnoggin Image File
.pnm Portable Any Map Image
.pns PNG Stereo Image
.pnt MacPaint File
.pntg MacPaint Graphic File
.pop Samsung Popcon Character File
.pov POV-Ray Raytracing Format
.pov Prolab Object File
.pp4 Picture Publisher Bitmap File
.pp5 Picture Publisher 5 Image File
.ppf Picture Publisher Image File
.ppm Portable Pixmap Image File
.prw Artlantis Shader Preview File
.psb Photoshop Large Document Format
.psd Adobe Photoshop Document
.psdx Photoshop Touch Document
.pse Photoshop Elements Photo Project
.psf PhotoStudio File
.psp Paint Shop Pro Image File
.pspbrush Paint Shop Photo Pro Brush File
.pspimage PaintShop Pro Image
.ptg ArtRage Painting
.ptk Puntotek Embroidery Design File
.pts PTGui Project File
.ptx Pentax RAW Image File
.ptx Paint Shop Pro Texture File
.pvr POWERVR Texture File
.pwp PhotoWorks Image File
.px Pixel Image File
.pxd Pixlr Layered Image
.pxicon CandyBar Icon
.pxm Pixelmator Image File
.pxr Pixar Image File
.pza PhotoSuite Album File
.pzp PhotoSuite Project File
.pzs PhotoSuite Slide Show File
.qif, .qti, .qtif QuickTime Image File
.qmg Samsung Theme Graphics File
.ras Sun Raster Graphic
.rcl Recolored Project File
.rcu RealWorld Layered Cursor Image
.rgb RGB Bitmap
.rgb Q0 Image File
.rgf LEGO MINDSTORMS EV3 Robot Graphics File
.ric NXT Image File
.rif Painter Raster Image File
.riff Painter Raster Image
.rix ColoRIX Image
.rle Run Length Encoded Bitmap
.rli RealWorld Graphics Layered Image
.rpf Rich Pixel Format File
.rri RealWorld Image
.rs Sun Raster Graphic
.rsb Red Storm Bitmap File
.rsr Poser Model Preview File
.rvg RVG X-ray Image
.s2mv StarCraft 2 Map Preview File
.sai PaintTool SAI Image
.sar Saracen Paint Image
.sbp Sketchbook Express iCloud Image
.scg ColoRIX Image File
.sci ColoRIX Graphics Image
.scn TreePaint Image
.scp ColoRIX Bitmap Graphic File
.sct Scitex Continuous Tone File
.scu ColoRIX Bitmap Image
.sdr SmartDraw Drawing
.sep Separated Image File
.sfc Motic Microscope Image
.sff Structured Fax File
.sfw Seattle FilmWorks Image
.sgi Silicon Graphics Image File
.shg Segmented Hyper-Graphic
.sid MrSID Image
.sig Broderbund Sign File
.sim Aurora Image
.skitch Skitch Image
.skm SketchUp Materials File
.skypeemoticonset Skype Emoticon Set File
.sld AutoCAD Slide File
.smp Xionics SMP Image
.sob OpenOffice.org Impress Bimap Styles File
.spa MikuMikuDance Sphere Mapping File
.spc Spectrum 512 Compressed Image
.spe WinSpec CCD Capture File
.sph MikuMikuDance Sphere Mapping File
.spiff Still Picture Interchange File Format
.spj Microsoft ICE Panorama Project
.spp Serif PhotoPlus Picture File
.spr Half-Life Sprite File
.sprite Scratch Sprite File
.sprite2 Scratch 2.0 Sprite File
.spu Spectrum 512 Image
.sr Sun Raster Image File
.ste Samsung IPOLIS Image File
.sumo Sumo Paint Image
.sun Sun Raster Graphic File
.suniff Sun TAAC Image
.sup Subtitle Bitmap File
.sva Manga Browser Comic File
.svm StarView Metafile
.t2b CyBook Thumbnail Image
.taac Sun TAAC Image File
.tb0 Adobe Photoshop Thumbnail Cache File
.tbn Kodi Thumbnail Image
.tex Texture File
.tfc Unreal Engine 3 Texture File Cache
.tg4 Tiled Group 4 Raster Image File
.tga Targa Graphic
.thm Video Thumbnail File or Thumbnail Image File
.thumb JAlbum Thumbnail File
.tif GeoTIFF Image or Tagged Image File
.tiff Tagged Image File Format
.tjp Tiled JPEG File
.tm2 PlayStation 2 Graphic
.tn LG Phone Image
.tn1, .tn2, .tn3 Tiny Low, Medium, High Resolution Image
.tny Atari Tiny Image
.tpf TexMod Package File
.tpi TrueVision Bitmap Image
.tps TexturePacker Sprite Sheet File
.trif Tiled Raster Interchange Format
.tub Paint Shop Pro Picture Tube
.u Subsampled Raw YUV Image
.ufo Ulead File Object
.uga Ulead GIF Animator File
.urt Utah Raster Toolkit File
.usertile-ms Windows 8 User Tile File
.v Subsampled Raw YUV Image
.vda Targa Bitmap Image File
.vff Sun TAAC Graphic File
.vic VICAR Image
.viff Visualization Image File Format
.vna JVC JLIP Image
.vpe Photoshop Vanishing Point Export File
.vrimg V-Ray Image File
.vrphoto VR Photo Image
.vss Visio Stencil File
.vst Targa Bitmap Image
.wb1 Webshots Picture File
.wbc Webshots Collection File
.wbd Webshots Picture File
.wbm, .wbmp Wireless Bitmap Image
.wbz Webshots Download Picture File
.wdp Windows Media Photo File
.webp WebP Image
.wi, .wic Wavelet Image
.wmp Windows Media Photo File
.wpb openCanvas 1.1 Image
.wpe openCanvas 1.1 Event File
.wvl Wavelet Image
.xbm, .xpm X11 Bitmap Graphic
.xcf GIMP Image File
.xwd X Windows Dump Image
.y Subsampled Raw YUV Image
.ysp BYOB Sprite File
.yuv YUV Encoded Image File
.zif Zooming Image Format File

 

ทิปในการค้นหาชื่อไฟล์รูปภาพ

สำหรับเพื่อนๆ ที่ต้องการค้นหาชื่อฟอร์แมตไฟล์ข้างต้น เนื่องจากข้อมูลมีจำนวนมาก รวมทั้งอาจทำให้ตาลายเวลาต้องการค้นหา ดังนั้น เวลาที่ทราบชื่อฟอร์แมตไฟล์รูปภาพที่ต้องการ แนะนำให้กดปุ่ม Ctrl+F  จากนั้นให้พิมพ์ชื่อไฟล์ในช่องค้นหา  เช่นพิมพ์คำว่า TIF จากนั้นกดปุ่ม search ได้ทันที ซึ่งจะได้ผลลัพธ์ในการค้นหาที่เร็วกว่าการเปิดทีละหน้า หรือทีละบรรทัด